Metro is a term coined from the metropolitan area which is generally used for rapid transit systems or metro trains. Travel by Metro is the most popular way to travel all around the city. It is a fastest mode of transport that saves a lot of time of general public which goes in travelling through other modes.
Rapid Transit or Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)
MRT or Rapid Transit is public transport through trains and generally also called as subways, heavy rail, metro,
tube, underground etc. in different countries. The system supports large number of people travelling for short distances with very high frequency.
How Metro System Works
The MRT system uses EMU(electric multiple units) with generally ranging from Three to Ten cars, which uses electricity to propel itself and
some systems use monorail, magnetic levitation systems and rubber-tired systems.
The stations are generally elevated or use tunnels and are integrated with other public transport systems for better connectivity.
Metro in India - At a Glance
As per latest available data, Metro in India is having 678.52 kilometres (421.61 miles) of operational network in all over the country & approx 540 stations.The first metro in the country initiated its operations in 1984 in Kolkata. Kolkata metro rail network is controlled by the Indian Railways, other than that, all are operated by self-governing local authorities. After Kolkata Metro, Delhi Metro was launched in year 2002. It is the 2nd oldest which is busiest and largest Metro Network amongst all in all over the country. After successful implementation of Delhi Metro, India started its plannings to explore more and to intitate Metro Projects in other cities also. Towards this move, in 2016-17, the indian government has set aside 100 billion INR (US$ 1.5 billion) for the metro projects in the country and more than INR 1 trillion was invested in the year 2018-19. The newly launched Metro Network is Nagpur Metro which started its operations in year 2019.
According to Wikipedia, there are around 180 metro systems in 56 countries around the world.
- London Underground is the oldest metro system in the world stated in the year 1890.
- Beijing Metro System is the busiest and has longest route length.
- New-York Metro System has the highest number of stations i.e. 472.
- China has the largest number of cities having metro systems.